Even before Marco was born, the brothers had travelled extensively, setting up trading posts in Constantinople, Sudak, Crimea, and the western part of the Mongolian Empire.
Polo related his memoirs orally to Rustichello da Pisa while both were prisoners of the Genova Republic.
The value of these pitchers and cups is something immense.
His claim is confirmed by a Chinese text of the 14th century explaining how a Sogdian named Mar-Sargis from Samarkand founded six Nestorian Christian churches there in addition to one in Hangzhou during the second half of the 13th century.
Scandinavian countries were relatively weak. If they see that any house has caught fire they immediately beat upon that wooden instrument to give the alarm, and this brings together the watchmen from the other bridges to help extinguish it, and to save the goods of the merchants or others, either by removing them to the towers or by putting them in boats and transporting them to the islands in the lake.
It is enclosed with walls of earth Silk Road Seattle washington. Sometimes, indeed, they even hail him by name. The oldest surviving Polo manuscript is in Old French heavily flavoured with Italian;  for Luigi Foscolo Benedetto, this "F" text is the basic original text, which he corrected by comparing it with the somewhat more detailed Italian of Ramusio, together with a Latin manuscript in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana.
Marco wrote they had "acquired great wealth in jewels and gold" but Great Khan was reluctant to let Marco go.
These barons are continually moving to and from in the hall, looking out for the wants of the guests at the table, and ordering servants to supply them promptly with wine, milk, meat, or whatever they lack.
Marco also noted the center of the asbestos industry in Uighuristan, with its capital Karakhoja; he added that the way to clean asbestos cloth was to throw it into a fire, and that a specimen was brought back from Cathay by the Polos and presented to the Pope. Guards patrol the city every night in parties of 30 or 40, looking out for any persons who may be abroad at unseasonable hours i.
Further, since Marco Polo is recalling his own trip, many of the inaccuracies may be due to distorted memories, misunderstandings, and erroneous beliefs.
On the north side of the palace, there is a hill which has been made from the earth dug out of the lake. In the middle of the city there is a great clock--that is to say, a bell--which is struck at night.
These judges and clerks administer all the affairs of the provinces to which they are attached, under the direction of the 12 barons.
Also if they find anyone going about the streets at unlawful hours they arrest him, and in the morning they bring him before the magistrates. Marco Polo was the first Westerner to mention the Pamirs, which he said "is the highest place in the world.
Those who wait upon the Great Khan with his dishes and his drink are some of the great barons. The two-year voyage was a perilous one—of the six hundred people not including the crew in the convoy only eighteen had survived including all three Polos.
Naturally, they also longed to see their native Venice and their families again. Book Two describes China and the court of Kublai Khan.
Other explorers in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the "Age of Exploration," all confessed that they were inspired by the great world Polo had described. Their fish is of sundry kinds, changing with the season; and it is remarkably fat and tasty. He was captured and imprisoned in Genoa, and it was during his imprisonment that he dictated his book.
Kublai Khan, fifth emperor of Mongolia and grandson of Chinggis Khan, was forced to retreat with heavy losses after a typhoon destroyed most of the invading fleet. After many years of seeking a release from service, the Polos finally secured permission from Kublai to escort a young princess to her intended husband Arghun, the Mongol ruler of Persia.
Legacy[ edit ] The Travels was a rare popular success in an era before printing. Kublai Khan requested that an envoy bring him back oil of the lamp in Jerusalem.
Trebizon, today known as Trabzon, was one of the notable stops along the Silk Road and functioned as a gateway to Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The multitude of inhabitants, and the number of houses in the city We can discuss the legal matters afterward. Part of the watch patrols the quarter, to see if any light or fire is burning after the lawful hours; if they find any they mark the door, and in the morning the owner is summoned before the magistrates, and unless he can plead a good excuse he is punished.
Many problems were caused by the oral transmission of the original text and the proliferation of significantly different hand-copied manuscripts.
Marco Polo's description of the Far East and its riches inspired Christopher Columbus's decision to try to reach Asia by sea, The Travels of Marco Polo The Venetian Translated and Edited by William Marsden Re-edited by Thomas Wright; Stephen G.
Marco Polo's China: A Venetian in the Realm of Khubilai Khan. (London ; New York:. Travel's by Marco Polo's Father and Uncle. Inwhen Marco Polo was just six, his father and uncle set out from their merchant colony in the Crimea to sell jewels in the lower Volga and stayed a year there at the camp of a Mongol Khan.
Watch video · Marco Polo ( to January 8, ) was a Venetian explorer known for the book The Travels of Marco Polo, which describes his voyage to and experiences in Asia.
Polo. Polo wearing a Tatar outfit, date of print unknown. Born: presumably Venice, Republic of Venice Died: 8 January (aged 69–70) Venice, Republic of Venice, Republic of Venice.
MARCO POLO'S DESCRIPTIONS OF CHINA. Marco Polo’s Description of the Mongol Postal System Runners or Persian observer reported in such accurate and unique detail about the currency situation in Mongol China.
The Venetian traveler is the only one to describe precisely how paper for money was made from the bark of the mulberry. Marco Polo's China: A Venetian in the Realm of Khubilai Khan (Routledge Studies in the Early History of Asia) - Kindle edition by Stephen G.
Haw. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Marco Polo's China: A Venetian in the Realm of Khubilai 5/5(1).A description of marco polo as the only venetian to travel to china